The use of high viscosity blended residual fuel, coupled with the general decline in their quality, has created an array of problems for heavy industries, and not to mention the increase in price for the fuel oil.

Knowing the chemical and physical properties of each bunkering prior to its use, helps to minimize way of these problems which may cause costly repairs and disputes among user, bunker supplies equipment and engine manufacturers.

Fuel oil is a petroleum derivative and belongs to the heavier end of the distilled products and graded in order of increasing viscosity 2, 3, 4, 5 etc. High viscosity substances, where particles are subjected to great forces similar to friction, find it hard to diffuse while burning, resulting in greater quantities of unburnt gases and solids.

Poor burning or combustion causes a fall in fuel efficiency and adds to the polluting effects. Boiler furnaces contribute the maximum content of atmospheric pollution, especially sulphur and nitrogen oxides, which dissolve during storms to form acid rain.

Heavy fuel not only pollutes the environment, it causes deposits and build up and equipment to wear out prematurely. Water, sulfur, vanadium sodium, bacteria in heavy fuel are the main causes of corrosion, sludge and stratification of fuel.

Water content in heavy fuel may results in a loss of fuel volume received and a loss of energy content, and water may impede combustion. Water when combined with heavy fuel will form stable emulsion, which are often very difficult to break. When these emulsions come to the burner, one has to take into account considerable obstruction, also emulsions increase the formation of sludge, stratification and precipitation of fuel in the fuel tank, resulting in clogged injectors, incomplete combustion, fuel wastage and pollutes the environment.

Sulphur content will determine the level of SOx emissions from combustion. High level of sulphur may lead to low temperature corrosion, gummy deposit sludge and depletion of the lube oil TBN.

Vanadium when combined with sodium, contamination from seawater or salt air, may lead to high temperature corrosive deposits, forming “sticky” compounds with low melting points, resulting in the formation of corrosive vanadium slag deposits on exhaust valves, boiler screen and superheated tubes, results valve guttering. Vanadium compounds also accelerate the formation of corrosive sulphur compounds.

Bacteria will make stratification of fuel sludge and gelling of fuel.

Through extensive research, Magna has developed Magna 702 Fuel Oil Treatment to combat the above said problems.

FEATURES OF MAGNA 702 Fuel Oil Treatment

Heavy fuels are generally blends of high molecular weight and long chain hydro-carbon. The heavier constituents are the cause of incomplete combustion, excessive smoking, and increased fuel consumption.

Magna 702 is developed to break up the long chain of hydro-carbon into smaller particles. So small, in fact, that most of the fuel burns easier and more completely. This result in less carbon deposits, less corrosion, reduces smoking and a smoother running engine.

Magna 702 is a red free flowing liquid, specially developed to combat bacteria, vanadium sodium, water, sludge and carbon deposit and conversion in fuel system.

Magna 702 has the ability to transform the undesirable constituent mentioned above into the desirable constituent:

• Sulfolane (Tetramethylene Sulfone)

  As mentioned before, the present of sulphur can cause corrosion,   gummy deposit and sludge. However, Magna 702 Fuel Oil Treatment has   the ability to transformed it into desirable constituent which is referred to   sulfolane (tetramethylene sulfone), which has the capability to act as a   Corrosion Inhibitor as well as Sludge Dispersant.

• Hydrogen Fuel

  Magna's proprietary fuel additive has good affinity for water. Magna 702   Fuel Oil Treatment couples water and heavy fuel to form a homogeneous   solution. It helps to keep fuel oil and water together in an inseparable   homogeneous solution.

  When this mixture is burnt, the water particles in the said mixture turn into   Superheated Steam and spray the oil particles farther from one another.

  Temperatures in a boiler furnace can reach beyond 400° - 600° C. Under   these conditions, water breaks up into its constituent elements, hydrogen   and oxygen.

  Hydrogen is an excellent fuel itself and adds to the burning efficiency.   Oxygen helps in the combustion and the end results are less carbon   emission, enhancing fuel efficiency, less carbon deposits, cleaner   environment, extends maintenance interval, etc.

• Magna 702 Fuel Oil Treatment contains Magna Bit Bactericide 1,2 –   benzisothiazolin-3 which is an excellent element to combat bacteria.

• Magna 702 Fuel Oil treatment contains slag inhibitors in order to combat   Vanadium Sodium, where it minimizes the formation of slag on the metal   fire side surfaces in two ways. The ash from the additive combines with   the vanadium and non combustible ash from the fuel oil under controlled   feed conditions resulting in a complex ash having a melting temperature   above the normal temperatures maintained in the furnaces area. Thus,   the combined ash passes through the furnace area in a stage which   does not adhere to the furnace surface. Secondly, the additives provide a   light, powdery ash which will form a barrier to resist any type bonding of   slag to the metal surface.

Magna 702 Benefits

• Improves combustion
• Reduces smoke emission
• Eliminates sludge formation
• Reduces carbon emission
• Reduces fuel consumption
• Reduces wear of cylinder liner and   piston pump
• Enhances fuel atomization
• Extends maintenance intervals
• Cleans injectors
• Cleans fuel pump lines
• Enhance power
• Uses hydrogen fuel technologies
• Good coupling properties for water
• Combats micro-organism growth • Neutralize acids
• Minimizes SO3 formation and low   corrosion
• Improves fuel air mixing
• Reduces excess air requirements,   thereby reducing NOx emissions
• Reduces Vanadium Pentoxide (V2O5)   slag deposits on superheated and   screen tubes
• Dissolves existing sludge in fuel system
• Reduces tank cleaning costs

Magna Fuel Oil Treatment Management Program

PT. Anugerah Widjaja Mandiri Chemindo provided MAGNA FUEL OIL TREATMENT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM by using Magna 702 (Fuel Oil Treatment) which has gone through extensive research and product testing. With our MAGNA FUEL OIL TREATMENT MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, operating and fuel handling procedures can be adjusted for each bunkering to achieve optimum operating efficiency of the equipment or engine.Our Magna Fuel Oil Treatment Management Program features:

• Comprehensive analysis by our Field   Technical Support.
• Facilitated by Flue Gas Analyzer in   order to monitor the current situation for   combustion efficiency in the system.
• Interpretation of analysis with   comments and remedial measures.
• Results of analysis of fuel sample in to   the laboratory.

All these features mentioned above will provide our customer with benefits:

• Essential value of the fuel is provided   allowing technicians and engineers to   optimized combustion and fuel handling.
• Provide technicians and engineers with   advice on how to adjust handling   procedures.
• Alert technicians and engineers to   potential handling or combustion   difficulties which can lead to increased   wear or equipment problems prior to the   fuel's use.

With Magna 702 Fuel Oil Treatment Management Program will solve all the problems in your fuel system, such as Boilers and Diesel Engines. It is not just only to prevent occurrence the slag deposit but still have the other more important advantages, that Magna 702 Fuel Oil Treatment Management Program will prolonged engine life, increase operating efficiency, reduce fuel consumption, reduce carbon emission, eliminates sludge formation, enhance combustion efficiency and will prolonged lifetime and reduce maintenance cost and spare parts.

• Magna 702 Fuel Oil Treatment   Product Brochure | Download PDF

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